The New Autos

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Environmental impact of cars

By on February 10, 2017

Although there are different types of fuel that makes cars run, most are based on gasoline or diesel. The US Environmental Protection Agency states that the average car emits 887 grams of carbon dioxide 8 per gallon of gasoline. The average driving vehicle in diesel fuel will emit 10,180 grams of carbon dioxide. Many governments use tax policies (such as the US excise tax or fuel tax) to influence decisions to purchase vehicles with low levels of CO2 often result in tax cuts. Fuel taxes can encourage the production of more efficient and therefore less polluting hybrid vehicles (eg hybrids) and the development of alternative fuels. High fuel taxes can strongly encourage consumers to buy lighter, smaller and more fuel efficient or non-driving cars. On average, cars today are about 75 percent recyclable, and the use of recycled steel helps reduce energy consumption and pollution. In the United States Congress, fuel efficiency standards imposed by the federal government have been the subject of regular debate, norms for passenger vehicles have not exceeded the standards of 27.5 mpg (86 l / 100 km) have changed more frequently, and were set at 22.2 mpg (10.6 l / 100 km, 26.7 mpg imp) in 2007.

Vehicle manufacturing requires a lot of resources and many manufacturers now report on the environmental performance of their plants, including energy consumption, waste and water consumption at whattheyuse.

The growth in popularity of the car has allowed cities to spread, further promote the car trip resulting in inactivity and obesity, which in turn can lead to increased risk of various diseases.

Transportation (of all types, including trucks, buses and cars) contributes significantly to air pollution in most industrialized countries. According to the US Surface Transportation Policy Project, nearly half of all Americans are breathing contaminated air. Their study showed that the air quality in the metropolitan areas of dozens has worsened in the last decade.

Animals and plants are often adversely affected by automobiles due to habitat destruction and pollution. During the life of an average car, the “potential habitat loss” may exceed 50,000 m2 (540,000 square feet) based on primary production correlations. ¬†Animals die every year on road cars, called “Roadkill”. The most recent major road improvements include environmental mitigation measures in their plans, such as green bridges, to allow wildlife passage and the creation of wildlife corridors.

The growing popularity of vehicles and travel resulted in traffic jams. Brussels is considered the most congested city in Europe in 2011 according to TomTom

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A car

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A car is a motor vehicle wheels, self-propelled and used to transport a product from the automotive industry. Most definitions of the term specify that automobiles are designed to operate primarily on roads, which must be from one to eight people, who typically have four wheels with tires and be constructed primarily for the transportation of people rather than goods . The year 1886 is considered the year of birth of modern automobiles. In that year, the German inventor Karl Benz built the Benz Patent-Motorwagen. Cars have not become widely available until the early 20th century. One of the first cars that was accessible to the masses was the T model in 1908, an American car manufactured by Ford Motor Company. Cars were quickly adopted in the United States, where cars and animal-drawn cars have been replaced, but it took much longer to be accepted in Western Europe and other parts of the world.

The cars are equipped with controls that are used for driving, parking, passenger comfort and safety, and control a variety of lights. For decades, additional features and controls have been added to vehicles, making them increasingly complex. Examples include back-up cameras, air conditioning, navigation systems and in-car entertainment. Most service cars in the 2010s are powered by an internal combustion engine, driven by the combustion of gasoline (also known as gasoline) or diesel. Both fuels cause air pollution and are also accused of contributing to climate change and global warming. Vehicles that use alternative fuels such as flex fuel vehicles based on ethanol and natural gas vehicles are also gaining popularity in some countries. Electric cars, invented in the early history of the car, began to be commercialized in 2008.

There are costs and benefits for the use of the car. The use of car expenses includes the costs of: vehicle acquisition, interest payment (if the car is financed), car repair and maintenance, fuel, depreciation, driving time, parking fees, taxes and insurance . The costs to society of using the car include: road maintenance, land use, traffic congestion, air pollution, public health, healthcare and end-of-life vehicle disposal. Traffic accidents are the leading cause of injury deaths in the world.

Benefits may include the demand for transportation, mobility, independence and comfort. Benefits may include: economic benefits such as job creation and wealth of automobile production, sales and maintenance, transportation supply, wellness of society drawn and Recreation travel opportunities and generation opportunities Of tax revenue. The capacity of the human being to move flexibly from one place to another has profound implications for the nature of societies. It was estimated in 2010 that the number of cars has increased to over 1 billion vehicles, up from 500 million in 1986. The number is increasing rapidly, especially in China, India and other newly industrialized countries.

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Automotive Industry

By on February 9, 2017

The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacture, marketing and sale of motor vehicles, some of them are called automobile manufacturers. This is one of the most important economic sectors in the world by income. The automotive industry does not include auto maintenance industries after delivery to the end user, such as garages and fuel service stations. The term was coined automotive of the Greek auto (auto) and motivus America (movement) to represent all forms of self-propelled vehicle. This term was proposed by Elmer Sperry.
The automobile industry began in the 1890s with hundreds of manufacturers who were the pioneers of the horseless carriage. For decades, the United States led the world in total car production. In 1929, before the Great Depression, the world had 32,028,500 cars and the United States auto industry produced more than 90%. At that time the USA. Had a car to 4.87 people. After World War II, the United States produces about 75% of the world’s automobile production. In 1980, the United States was outperformed by Japan and became the world leaders in 1994. In 2006, Japan has gone through little US production and holds that rank until 2009, when China took the first place with 13.8 Million units. With 19.3 million units manufactured in 2012, China has almost doubled production in the United States with 10.3 million units, while Japan ranked third with 9.9 million units. As of 1970 (140) compared to the 1998 models (260) for the 2012 models (684 models), the number of car models in the US Has grown exponentially.
Safety is a condition that implies being protected against all risk, danger or damage due to injury. In the automotive industry, safety means that users, operators or manufacturers are not exposed to hazards or hazards of the vehicle or its spare parts. Safety for the cars themselves implies that there is no risk of damage.
Safety in the automotive industry is particularly important and therefore highly regulated. Cars and other motor vehicles must comply with a number of national and international rules and regulations to be accepted in the market. The ISO 26262 standard is considered a framework of best practices to achieve the functional safety of the automotive industry.
If the safety problems, danger, product defect or malfunction during the manufacture of the motor vehicle, the manufacturer may request to return a batch or production. This procedure is called memory. Product withdrawals are given in all areas and may be related to production or raw material.

Testing and inspection of products and operations in various stages of the value chain are made to avoid these products withdrawn from the market, guaranteeing the safety and protection of the end user and respecting the requirements of the automotive industry. However, the automotive industry remains particularly concerned about the recall, resulting in significant financial implications.

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