The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacture, marketing and sale of motor vehicles, some of them are called automobile manufacturers. This is one of the most important economic sectors in the world by income. The automotive industry does not include auto maintenance industries after delivery to the end user, such as garages and fuel service stations. The term was coined automotive of the Greek auto (auto) and motivus America (movement) to represent all forms of self-propelled vehicle. This term was proposed by Elmer Sperry.
The automobile industry began in the 1890s with hundreds of manufacturers who were the pioneers of the horseless carriage. For decades, the United States led the world in total car production. In 1929, before the Great Depression, the world had 32,028,500 cars and the United States auto industry produced more than 90%. At that time the USA. Had a car to 4.87 people. After World War II, the United States produces about 75% of the world’s automobile production. In 1980, the United States was outperformed by Japan and became the world leaders in 1994. In 2006, Japan has gone through little US production and holds that rank until 2009, when China took the first place with 13.8 Million units. With 19.3 million units manufactured in 2012, China has almost doubled production in the United States with 10.3 million units, while Japan ranked third with 9.9 million units. As of 1970 (140) compared to the 1998 models (260) for the 2012 models (684 models), the number of car models in the US Has grown exponentially.
Safety is a condition that implies being protected against all risk, danger or damage due to injury. In the automotive industry, safety means that users, operators or manufacturers are not exposed to hazards or hazards of the vehicle or its spare parts. Safety for the cars themselves implies that there is no risk of damage.
Safety in the automotive industry is particularly important and therefore highly regulated. Cars and other motor vehicles must comply with a number of national and international rules and regulations to be accepted in the market. The ISO 26262 standard is considered a framework of best practices to achieve the functional safety of the automotive industry.
If the safety problems, danger, product defect or malfunction during the manufacture of the motor vehicle, the manufacturer may request to return a batch or production. This procedure is called memory. Product withdrawals are given in all areas and may be related to production or raw material.
Testing and inspection of products and operations in various stages of the value chain are made to avoid these products withdrawn from the market, guaranteeing the safety and protection of the end user and respecting the requirements of the automotive industry. However, the automotive industry remains particularly concerned about the recall, resulting in significant financial implications.